The jaguar (Panthera onca) is an endangered species that originally inhabited South and Central America. The largest cat of the Americas, this animal used to inhabit areas including Iberá in the north of Argentina. The jaguar was driven out by large-scale agricultural expansion by humans, which destroyed its habitat.
The re-introduction project takes into account social, scientific and environmental issues. For example, sociological research was conducted in order to ensure support from local communities. This revealed that 95% of the population was in favour of the jaguar's return; they identify with the animal and honour the jaguar.
From early 2016 onward, five mature jaguars have resided in the project's centre in Argentina. The jaguars came from zoos and rescue centers around South America and are not candidates for release themselves, but their offspring can be released in Iberá. In June 2018 the first two cubs were born. These new cubs are not only the first newborns born at the CLT Jaguar Reintroduction Program at Iberá Park, but are the first jaguars born in over half century in this region. The two cubs are spotted. This doesn't say anything about their sex.
Support from ARTIS
GPS collars to track the jaguars were purchased with support from ARTIS. ARTIS is also helping establish 'virtual gates' between local residents and the project. This will enable the community to constantly stay in touch with the project and keep informed about the latest developments. In addition, ARTIS contributed to setting up a renewable energy system in the San Alonso Research facilities near the jaguar breeding centre.